Pests include rats, mice, birds, cockroaches, flies, mosquitoes, ants, spiders, bed bugs and “pantry pests” such as weevils, moths and beetles that feed on stored food products.
Pests can cause a range of problems including:
Control of pests in outdoor areas can be difficult.
Good waste management practices, including keeping garbage areas clean and receptacles closed, can help keep pests away from commercial properties and institutions.
When you are outdoors, personal insect repellents are available to help protect you from insects. These include repellent sprays, gels, lotions, wipes and roll-ons, formulated in different strengths, for kids, and in combination with sunscreen. Insect repellent wristbands are also available.
For indoor areas, preventing pests from getting into the premises is the best form of pest control. This can be achieved using barriers, such as mesh screens for windows and doors, covered air vents and drain covers, and by keeping premises in good repair. Outdoor traps and baits can also stop pests before they enter buildings.
Despite best efforts, it is not always possible to keep pests out. This is where commercial pest control products play a vital role in keeping premises pest-free.
Chemical pesticides are formulated to kill certain living organisms. There are many different types including insecticides, which kill insects; ovicides, which kill insect eggs; and rodenticides, which kill rats and mice. There are also pheromone-based formulations which disrupt insect mating rather than killing the organisms themselves. The active ingredient in pest control products differs depending on its intended purpose.
Chemical pest control products come as baits, sprays, aerosols, solutions, bombs, coils and dusts. Some aerosols have attachments that allow cracks and other potential pest hiding places to be reached. Insecticide sprays also vary in how long their residue remains on the sprayed surface; for ongoing pest control problems longer residual times are needed.
All pesticides in Australia are regulated for safety and effectiveness by the Australian Pesticide & Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA), www.apvma.gov.au. There are strict regulations controlling the use of pesticides in commercial food preparation areas.